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Warning: those guides are mostly obsolete, please have a look at the new documentation.

UnixWindowsOracleObsoleteHardwareDIYMechanicsScriptsConfigs

Turning a RHEL6 or CentOS6 system into a media center with XBMC
 
Requirements
Make sure X is configured,
yum groupinstall "x window system"
X -configure
Note. Eventually install the relevant drivers for your card e.g. for AMD/ATI (http://support.amd.com/fr/Pages/AMDSupportHub.aspx).
 
Eventually enable FTP on the box to send the drivers a bit more faster than it would upload through SSH/SFTP,
rpm -q vsftpd
cd /etc/vsftpd/
vi user_list
(uncomment root)
vi ftpusers
(same there)
service vsftpd restart
chkconfig vsftpd on
once the drivers are uploaded you may disable it (or remove the root authorization),
chkconfig vsftpd off
service vsftpd stop
 
Installation
Use the EPEL and Fusion RPM repos to install pre-packaged XBMC binaries !
cd ~/
wget http://fr2.rpmfind.net/linux/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
wget http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/updates/6/i386/rpmfusion-free-release-6-1.noarch.rpm
wget http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/updates/6/i386/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-6-1.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh *.rpm
yum search xbmc
yum -y install xbmc
 
Configuration
Enable XBMC at boot time,
useradd -g users -G video,audio xbmc
passwd xbmc
cd /etc/
cp inittab inittab.dist
vi inittab
change,
id:5:initdefault:
and,
cd /etc/init/
cat > xbmc.conf <<EOF9
exec login -f xbmc </dev/tty7 &>/dev/tty7
EOF9
 
Then configure the user environment parameters,
su - xbmc
pwd
cat > .xinitrc <<EOF9
exec ck-launch-session xbmc
EOF9
cat .xinitrc
cat >> .bash_profile <<EOF9
[[ \$(tty) = "/dev/tty7" ]] && exec startx </dev/null &>/dev/null
EOF9
touch .hushlogin
^D
 
Back to root, enable dbus (yep, that's messagebus on RHEL),
service messagebus restart
chkconfig messagebus on
 
References
http://wiki.xbmc.org/index.php?title=Installing_XBMC_for_Linux#Fedora_and_CentOS
 

(obsolete, see the new doc)